Nueva Sección 245(en) Aprobada por la prestación Cámara de Representantes y pendiente de la firma del Presidente
Nueva Sección 245(en) Provision Passed by House of Representatives and Awaiting the President’s Signature
Marzo 22, 2002
By now many have heard that the U.S. Cámara de Representantes aprobó una nueva sección 245(en) disposición y que todos estamos esperando es la Presidenten # 8217, firma s. What most have not heard is the fact that the proposed provision will benefit a very limited class of illegal aliens. And whether Section 245(en) will actually be reenacted in any form whatsoever, remains to be seen.
What does the new, Sección 245(en) proposal provide?
Ante todo, una lección de historia. Recordar, Sección 245(en) no es una amnistía!!! No dejes que nadie te diga lo contrario. En cambio, es un vehículo mediante el cual ciertos individuos que están en los EE.UU.. como overstays visa o que entraron sin inspección puede convertir su estatus al de EE.UU.. residencia legal permanente sin tener que volver a su país de origen para completar el procesamiento – as was historically required under the law.
The first ingredient, sin embargo, is the right type of family member or employer to commence the process. With that ingredient in place, SECTION 245(en) puede ser de ayuda para las siguientes clases de extranjeros:
- que están en situación ilegal (ya sea como caducado, sin inspección o miembro de la tripulación) who are trying to obtain their U.S. permanent residence by way of an employer’s immigration filing,
- que están en situación ilegal (ya sea como caducado, sin inspección o miembro de la tripulación) who seek to obtain their permanent residence by way of an of a Family Based Preference petition (other than as the spouse of a U.S. ciudadano, durante 21 años de edad, hijo de un EE.UU.. ciudadano, or as the parent of an adult U.S. Ciudadano) y
- those who entered without inspection or as crewman, and are a) la esposa de un EE.UU.. ciudadano, b) el bajo los ciudadanos y los c 21 year old child of a citizen or c) the parent of an adult U.S. Ciudadano)
Y, as mentioned many times in this column previously, those unlawfully in the U.S. who continue to be eligible to adjust to permanent resident status in the U.S. WITHOUT Section 245(en) are MOST VISA OVERSTAYS who a) are married to U.S. citizens or soon to be U.S. los ciudadanos, b) are the under 21 años de edad los niños de EE.UU.. los ciudadanos, or c) are the parent of an adult U.S. ciudadano.
Previamente, the essential requirement to qualify under Section 245(en) is having been the beneficiary of some kind of family or employment based petition or labor certification filing prior to April 30, 2001. Such individuals are “grandfathered” en, and can even proceed toward permanent residence through a subsequent, completely different family or employer based filing commenced after April 30, 2001.
As for the proposal presented by the House of Representatives, not much new and exciting is added. Específicamente, two new classes of applicants stand to “benefit” – 1) family based applicants whose family relationship existed as of August 21, 2001 and an INS visa petition is filed on their behalf within the 120 period following the law’s enactment, or November 30, 2002 – whichever is earlier and 2) employment based applicants whose employers commenced an immigration or U.S. Department of Labor filing before August 21, 2001.
Clearly the number of beneficiaries in Group # 1 will be limited, especially since potential applicants will not have a chance to conform their behavior (g. get married to a U.S. ciudadano) in response to the law being enacted. And Group # 2 will include an even more limited number of beneficiaries, since not many people would have had employment based filings submitted on their behalf after April 30, 2001 and before August 21, 2001. That is because after the earlier Section 245(en) deadline of April 30 came and went, there existed no good reason to proceed with a new employment based filing – of course unless the person was equipped with supernatural abilities to know that a new Section 245(en) would later be enacted, such that his post-April 30, but pre-August 21 filing would be of help to him.
En conclusión, following the scurry of immigration-related activities in Congress recently, it is important to remember the following points:
- As of March 22, 2002, no new Section 245(en) provisions have been enacted, although the House of Representatives has agreed on a proposal,
- Even if Section 245(en) is reenacted, we must remember that Section 245(En) IS NOT AN AMNESTY,
- If and when Section 245(En) is reenacted, the exact language of the legislation must be carefully examined to determine who benefits. As discussed above the class of beneficiaries to benefit from the legislative proposal currently on the table is extremely limited at best. Sin embargo, it is very possible that a new Section 245(en) enactment with more expansive coverage may come to be,
- Sección 245(en) is not needed, and has never been needed, for the vast majority of visa overstays seeking to adjust to permanent resident status in the U.S. if they are the a) cónyuge de un EE.UU.. ciudadano, b) el bajo los ciudadanos y los c 21 años de edad, hijo de un EE.UU.. citizen or c) the parent of an adult (sobre 21 year old) EE.UU.. ciudadano.
Publicado en marzo de 22, 2002 – “LEY DE INMIGRACION FORO”
Copyright © 2002-2008, Por las oficinas de abogados de Richard Hanus, Chicago, Illinois